Friday, February 11, 2022

A Public Letter to The President

His Excellency Dr Lazarus Chakwera,

I have observed that your government has a great concern about the trade deficit due to the imports being more than exports. 

The concern exists to either push for depreciation of the Kwacha or floatation of the currency which is quoted in many textbooks as a solution to the trade deficits but they result in our goods and services being greatly undervalued. Selling things at a cheaper price does not always result in increased value gain. I will give an example of the current value of my services in Malawi as a PHP Developer compared to that of a PHP Developer in the USA. We virtually go through the same training yet my services are currently valued at an average of US$8,400/year while in the USA, a person receives US$84,000/year.  I find this unfair. If you are opting for depreciation how much cheaper would you want my services to go? $8,400/year does not meet my expenses to finish the month. I have to get an extra from borrowing or from a relative. Furthermore, cheaper does end up looking incompetent. Please stop depreciating the Kwacha. Start appreciating the Kwacha so that our goods and services may trade at a fair international price.

I cannot always complain without suggesting a solution. I observed that Europeans decided to implement a trade policy that is always resulting in a trade surplus. I feel we could do the same as I have outlined in the following short article:

I hope that this will be helpful to Malawi.


Kondwani Hara.

Monday, February 07, 2022

Improving Our Balance Of Trade

Learning from the historical context of Balance of Trade in Europe:
Many countries in early modern Europe adopted a policy of mercantilism, which theorized that a trade surplus was beneficial to a country. Mercantilist ideas also influenced how European nations regulated trade policies with their colonies, promoting the idea that natural resources and cash crops should be exported to Europe, with processed goods being exported back to the colonies in return.
An early statement concerning the balance of trade appeared in Discourse of the Common Wealth of this Realm of England, 1549: "We must always take heed that we buy no more from strangers than we sell them, for so should we impoverish ourselves and enrich them." Similarly, a systematic and coherent explanation of the balance of trade was made public through Thomas Mun's 1630 "England's treasure by foreign trade, or, The balance of our foreign trade is the rule of our treasure".


I resolved that we can create similar trade policies to improve our Balance of Trade and adopt them as follows:


This is because finished products have a higher value than raw materials the direction of trade of these, determine the balance of trade whether it will be a deficit or surplus.

Tuesday, February 13, 2018

Suitability of Jobs as Computer Scientist in the World of Management Information Systems

A team of 3 can make a complete product according to []. Business, Science and Engineering. I am the computer science part of the process.

The Systems Development Life Cycle runs in Phases. Job security becomes a problem. You no longer have your job once the phase requiring you is complete.

The things that influence creation of a new system are limited as such you may not have a job as long as the information system is working. It might take one job in five years. You get the job when the system requires an upgrade.

I write a complete system within a period of one month to six months. Systems Support is part of the Systems Development process that gets to have a long lasting job. I don't know how to integrate myself into the systems support phase though someone suggested that I take up a job as a data officer. However such a job, I can end up creating one whole new system within one hour: its data model, interface and the server-side and a system is complete.

Tuesday, August 22, 2017

Limitedness of Liabilities and Jurisdictions of Laws Applicable to Government and Governance.

The boundaries of the country called Malawi, has had jurisdictions of several lawful governments: Nyasaland, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland and Malawi. I thought I should recognize the limitedness of laws according to the jurisdiction and time of their applicability over the region whose boundaries form the Nation of Malawi.

The current jurisdictional Constitution of the Laws of Malawi is of 1994 according to the wikipedia article on Malawi(

This means, the Constitutional of the Laws of Malawi, has not had any amendment since 1994 though it is possible that several Acts of Parliament have been Amended in the orderly way from 1994 to the present day. Recognising that this is probably the first amendment of the Constitution of Malawi since the day of Independence(6th July 1964), there might be two jurisdictional constitutions between 6th July 1964 and the present day(22nd August 2017). The first Constitution of the Laws of Malawi, has been applicable between the 6th July 1964 and 18th May 1994, and the second constitution has been applicable from 18th May 1994 - 22nd August 2017.

Before the establishment of the Country of Malawi in 1964, there has been a British Protectorate Of Central Africa established in May 1893 to 1st August 1907 when the Nyasaland protectorate was established separating it from the region covered by the British Protectorate which are in Accordance to the exploratory expeditions of Dr. David Livingstone.

It may be questioned why the boundaries of these regions are different but I think the difference emanates from the type of influence and the time of active influence over the regions due to the presence of Europeans during their journeys of exploration. I am sure has ended up evolving the culture of the regions in quite a different way to necessitate the establishment of the boundaries.

I may have to list down the Governments looking over the issues of the region covering Malawi as follows:
From observation, the governance of the British Central Africa Protectorate and the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland is applicable to the wider international region of the land which includes Malawi and long with present day Zambia and Zimbabwe, while the governance of Nyasaland Protectorate and Malawi is acting at national region of Malawi and seperate from the Zambia and Zimbabwe.

The Laws of The British Protectorate are partially applicable to assets established within (1893 to 1907) by its government. The Laws of the Nyasaland Protectorate may be partially applicable to assets established within 1907 to 1964 by its government, the Laws of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland may be partially applicable to assets established within 1953 to 1963 by its governance, the Laws of Malawi which are active from 1964 to date, may be completely applicable applicable to assets established after 1964 and perhaps partially applicable to the assets established before 1964 by previous governments.

Issues of Nyasaland seem to transition over the national level but issues of the British Central African protectorate and Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland  seem to transition over the international region whose present day jurisdiction falls under SADC.The International jurisdictions seem to apply through diplomatic jurisdictions and international laws principles.

I should think such recognition of limitedness of jurisdiction of laws applicable to government and governance should reduce conflicts developing due to different expectations from the international community over the regions the governing entities have been active and their time of activity and the national community bound by the laws of the presently active government and governance of the Land of Malawi.

Monday, October 06, 2014

The Month of October

In 2008, I was preparing for a trip to go to an academic conference in Mozambique. I have commented about this in a previous post.

In 2009, I finished my Master of Science Thesis on a day like today: The 6th of October 2009.

In 2012, there was a launch of the Bible week by Malawi Bible Society.

To my discomfort, there were a lot of gun shots yesterday, the 5th of October, 2014.

The 4th of October was, there was supposed to be the coronation of M’Mbelwa.

I am very sure the trip to Mozambique turned me an enemy to the Malawian Authorities.

Mozambique and Malawi seem to have suffered sour relations due the wars and possible attempts of revolt which have always seemed to start from across the Mozambican Border.

The Month of September is already a major difficulty due to the war on terror, the month of October started to be difficult in 2008.

What follows? I don’t know.